I was having tea and rusk this morning, when i recieved a text message on whatsapp. It was a gif of Happy Dussehra! Pretty good gif. ” Aajkal gifs kaafi prevalent hain vaise”.
I was wondering how beautiful it is to have diversity of cultures. We all are celebrating this day, but the stories behind the celebrations are different, and i’m glad to be part of a country where i can enjoy all of them.
We,in north india, celebrate Vijayadashmi. On this day, in the epic of Ramayana, Sri Ram, the God, defeated and killed Ravan, the demon. This day is a symbol of triumph of good over evil, and it is called Dusshehra ( derived from a sanskrit word, dass-hara ).
This day is also celebrated for the victory of Goddess Durga over Mahishasura. According to mythology, every God and living beings on earth were disquieted by the despotism of Mahishasura. Mahishasura was undefeatable even by the mighty Gods – Shiva , Vishnu , Brahma. Therefore, they created Goddess Durga( the inaccessible), an avatar of Ma Shakti, to fight the demon Mahishasura and restore peace in swarglok as well as on earth. Goddess Durga is a symbol of power and courage. She fought with the demon Mahishasura and defeated him successfully. It is celebrated mostly in north eastern part of India.
In India, there are two kinds of believers – Bhakti And Shakti.
Bhakti is believed in the hindu tradition where dussehra is celebrated by burning the effigy of Ravana. It is more on the spiritual side.
Whereas, Shakti is resonated with sacrifice. Therefore vijayadashmi is celebrated in some parts by sacrificing buffaloes. They sacrifice mutton and even consume it.
STORY OF RAGHURAJA
According to a story, kautsa, a student, took his education under the guidance of Rishi Varatantu. Kautsa wanted to offer guru dakshina to his guru. Varatantu asked for 140million gold coins from him. Kautsa didn’t have these many coins as he was poor. So he went to king Raghu. King Raghu was known for his generosity, therefore he asked Kuber(the God of Wealth) to rain Gold coins near apata(bidi leaf) and shanu trees.Kuber rained Gold coins near apata and shanu trees. Kautsa presented the gold coins to Varatantu, and distributed the rest of the coins among the needy. This day is celebrated by exchanging apta leaves which is a symbol of gold coins. It is celebrated in western India.
WORSHIPPING OF SHAMI TREES
This concept is related to the epic of Mahabharata. Pandavas were exiled by the kauravas for 12 years, so they decided to spend their exile in woods. But there was a condition, if the Kauravas found the Pandavas, they could extend the exile time for another 12 years. Therefore, Pandavas obscured their divine weapons under the Shami tree, as they did not want them to be exposed. Every month Pandavas payed a visit to the Shami tree to check if their weapons were safe over there, and worshipped the tree and Goddess Durga, the presiding diety. After 12 years of exile, Pandavas took their weapons from the Shami tree and went on to the battlefield to fight the kauravas. Pandavas emerged Victorious. This happened on dasami. Therefore, it is commemorated as victory of good over evil, and is celebrated as Vijayadashmi. On this day, people hug each other under the Shami tree and offer leaves to each other.
I hope you enjoyed the different colors of India.
Happy Dussehra! 🙂